Configuring Nginx on a Linux-based server involves several steps, including installation, creating server blocks (virtual hosts), and securing your server. Nginx is a popular open-source web server and reverse proxy server software. If you meant to inquire about Nginx, please refer to the previous responses in this conversation for a detailed definition and explanation of what Nginx is and its key features and functions.

First of all, let's see what is Linux based server:

A Linux-based server is a computer server that runs on a Linux operating system (OS) as its core software platform. Linux is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system that has gained widespread popularity for its stability, security, and flexibility. Linux-based servers are commonly used to host websites, applications, databases, and various services on the Internet. Here are some key characteristics and advantages of Linux-based servers:

  • Open Source: Linux is open-source software, meaning its source code is freely available for anyone to view, modify, and distribute. This openness encourages a community of developers to contribute to its development, leading to continuous improvements and security enhancements.

  • Stability and Reliability: Linux is known for its stability and reliability, making it well-suited for critical server environments. Servers can run for extended periods without the need for frequent reboots or maintenance.

  • Security: Linux benefits from robust security features and a proactive security community. Regular security updates and the ability to fine-tune security settings make it a secure choice for server deployments.

  • Variety of Distributions: Linux comes in a variety of distributions (distros) that cater to different needs. Popular server-oriented Linux distributions include Ubuntu Server, CentOS, Debian, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

  • Performance: Linux is optimized for server performance, with efficient resource management, process control, and networking capabilities. It can handle a large number of concurrent connections and tasks.

  • Cost-Efficiency: Linux is cost-effective because it's open source and free to use. Organizations can save on licensing fees associated with proprietary server operating systems.

  • Customizability: Linux is highly customizable. Administrators can configure the OS to meet specific server requirements, enabling a tailored approach to server management.

  • Rich Ecosystem: Linux offers a vast ecosystem of server software, tools, and applications, including web servers like Apache and Nginx, database servers like MySQL and PostgreSQL, and development tools.

  • Command Line Interface (CLI): Linux servers typically use a command-line interface (CLI) for system administration, which provides granular control over server configuration and management.

Linux-based servers are widely used in web hosting, cloud computing, data centers, and enterprise IT environments. They are the backbone of many Internet services and websites, powering a significant portion of the Internet's infrastructure. Whether you're running a small website or managing a complex enterprise network, Linux-based servers offer the versatility and reliability needed to support a wide range of server applications and workloads.

Here's a basic guide to get you started:

Step 1: Install Nginx

You can install Nginx using your Linux distribution's package manager. On Debian/Ubuntu, use apt, while on CentOS/RHEL, use yum. For example:

# Debian/Ubuntu
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

sudo yum install nginx


Step 2: Start Nginx and Enable It at Boot

Once installed, start Nginx and enable it to start at boot:

# Start Nginx
sudo systemctl start nginx

# Enable Nginx at boot
sudo systemctl enable nginx


Step 3: Create a Simple Nginx Configuration

By default, Nginx serves a default HTML page. You can create your own server block (similar to Apache's virtual host) to serve your website or application. Create a configuration file in the /etc/nginx/sites-available/ directory. For example:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/mywebsite


Here's a simple configuration for a static website:

server {
    listen 80;

    root /var/www/html/mywebsite;
    index index.html;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;


Make sure to replace with your actual domain and set the root directive to the path of your website files.


Step 4: Create a Symbolic Link

To enable the configuration, create a symbolic link to the configuration file in the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/ directory:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/mywebsite /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/


Step 5: Test the Configuration and Reload Nginx

 Before applying the new configuration, test it for syntax errors:

sudo nginx -t


If there are no errors, reload Nginx to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl reload nginx


Step 6: Firewall Configuration (if applicable)

If you're using a firewall (e.g., UFW), you may need to allow HTTP (port 80) traffic:

sudo ufw allow 'Nginx HTTP'


Step 7: Secure Your Server

To improve security, consider using SSL/TLS to encrypt traffic and secure your server. Additionally, regularly update Nginx and your server's operating system to patch vulnerabilities.

This is a basic Nginx configuration. For more advanced setups or specific use cases, you may need to customize your configuration further.

Category : #web server

Tags : #web server , #nginx